Krystal Biotech Provides Update on the Clinical Trial Evaluating Topical KB105 for the Treatment of TGM-1 Associated Ichthyosis
- New data include update from the fourth patient treated in the Phase 1/2 trial
- Repeat topical KB105 dosing continues to be well tolerated with no adverse events or evidence of immune response
These results build on previous data showing a dramatic increase in KB105-mediated TGM-1 expression and activity in 3 patients, which correlated with an improvement on the IGA scale after KB105 topical treatment, with or without pretreatment of the area through micro-needling. No drug-related adverse effects were reported.
“The totality of the data from our Phase 1/2 trial is encouraging, showing that topical application of KB105 to exfoliated skin results in detectable and correctly localized and functionally active TGM-1 enzyme,” said
Initial Phase 2 Data
An adult subject, aged 63, was enrolled and four 100cm2 treatment areas were identified. Each treatment area was assigned to receive repeat doses of 4.0x109 PFU (n=2 treatment areas) or 1.0x1010 PFU (n=2 treatment areas). Each area was dosed on Day 1 and 3, after which dosing continued either every 3 days (n=2 treatment areas) or every 6 days (n=2 treatment areas) up to day 30. Treatment areas were clinically evaluated at pre- and post-KB105 application timepoints, using a 5-point IGA scale (0 = clear; 1 = almost clear; 2 = mild; 3 = moderate; 4 = very severe).
Repeated topical doses of KB105 were well tolerated, and no drug-related adverse effects were reported. No vector shedding or systemic viral exposure was detected at any time point. Improvement on the IGA scale was observed in each treatment area, with the maximum effect observed in TA3 and TA4 that received the highest dose; at day 27, the investigator assigned an IGA score of 2, which was improved as compared to baseline score of 4 in each area. Variable 1-point improvements were observed at other time points and in the treatment areas that received the lowest dose. As in the Phase 1 portion of the trial, TGM1 turnover was observed to be variable but relatively rapid, and the observed IGA improvements were not sustained through day 60.
More detailed data is available in the Company’s corporate presentation, which is available at https://ir.krystalbio.com/.
Phase 1 Review
The Phase 1 portion of the study enrolled 3 adult subjects, on whom four 20cm2 treatment areas were identified. One site received placebo, and three sites each received topical doses of 2.0x109 PFU at varying frequencies, up to 5 or 6 repeat doses throughout the 90-day study period. All 3 subjects showed a dramatic increase in KB105-mediated TGM-1 expression and activity, which correlated with an improvement in scaling with KB105 topical treatment, with or without pretreatment of the area through micro-needling. No drug-related adverse effects were reported. Pre-existing immunity to HSV-1 had no impact on KB105 efficacy, and repeat dosing with KB105 did not exacerbate immune response to HSV-1. KB105-mediated TGM-1 was correctly localized and functionally active based on an in situ activity assay. KB105 treated areas showed reduced reversion to ichthyotic scaling phenotype which correlated with molecular correction. These data were previously presented at the
In these subjects, TGM1 turnover was observed to be variable and rapid, and pharmacokinetic data suggested that the optimal dosing frequency may be more frequent. Further, phenotypic evaluation was limited by small treatment areas. Based on these Phase 1 results, the dose, dosing frequency, and size of the treatment areas were adjusted for Phase 2.
Krystal intends to discuss these data with patients and key opinion leaders to help inform next steps. In particular, the company will assess the optimal dosing frequency as well as additional clinical endpoints, including a novel scale designed for ichthyosis. The Company intends to complete these discussions by the end of the year, and continue dosing in the Phase 2 trial, in 2022.
Any statements in this press release about future expectations, plans and prospects for
Source: Krystal Biotech, Inc.