Krystal Biotech Provides Updates from its Rare Genetic Lung Disease Pipeline
- New preclinical data from GLP toxicology and biodistribution study demonstrates in vivo safety of KB407 for cystic fibrosis
- Company expands rare genetic lung disease pipeline with KB408 for the treatment of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
“Successful completion of this GLP toxicology and biodistribution study is an important milestone not only for KB407, but also for our emerging pulmonary portfolio,” said
KB407 for Cystic Fibrosis
KB407 is an inhaled (nebulized) formulation of an engineered HSV-1 based vector designed to deliver two copies of the full-length CFTR gene for the treatment of cystic fibrosis. Previously presented in vitro and in vivo data demonstrate robust transduction efficiency in patient-derived airway epithelial cells, correction of the CF phenotype in patient-derived organoids irrespective of the underlying CFTR mutation within 24 hours of infection, and distribution throughout the lungs of mice and a single nonhuman primate when dosed via nebulization.
To further characterize the safety profile of KB407, Krystal conducted a repeat-dose GLP toxicology and biodistribution study in 36 nonhuman primates (NHPs) who received three weekly doses of either KB407 high dose (n=10), KB407 low dose (n=10), vehicle (n=10), or air (n=6). Results of the study were positive and included:
- Repeat doses of KB407 in NHPs were well tolerated, and the No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level (NOAEL) was at the highest dose tested;
- KB407 was distributed throughout the lung tissue, including the bronchioles and alveoli, with little-to-no vector detected in all other tissues and fluids tested;
- Tissue samples collected for immunofluorescent analysis show specific transduction of airway epithelia, with little-to-no vector detected in lung-resident macrophages; and
- Lung samples harvested 28 days after the last dose demonstrate persistence of the vector and CFTR expression to at least that timepoint.
The Company intends to initiate a Phase 1 study of KB407 in 3Q21.
KB408 for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
KB408 is an inhaled (nebulized) formulation of our novel vector designed to deliver two copies of the SERPINA1 gene, that encodes for normal human alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) protein, for the treatment of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD). AATD is a genetic condition caused by mutations that lead to decreased levels and/or decreased functionality of the AAT protein. The predominant disease manifestation of severe AAT deficiency is emphysema, as lower levels of functional AAT are insufficient to fully protect the lungs from the enzymatic activity of neutrophil elastase and progressive destruction of the lung tissue. There are an estimated 90,000 to 100,000 people in the US with severe AAT deficiency.
Building on the positive preclinical experience with repeat-dose gene delivery to the lungs with KB407, KB408 leverages the same formulation and route of administration. Initial preclinical data show:
- KB408 successfully transduces primary airway epithelial cells in vitro, leading to production and secretion of full length, normal human AAT protein;
- In healthy immunocompetent mice administered a single dose of KB408 or vehicle control to the airways, analyses of lung tissue samples 24 hours post-dose show efficient vector transduction and human AAT transgene expression;
- Analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid harvested at the same 24-hour timepoint shows secretion of full-length AAT protein in dosed animals; and
- Quantitative analysis of lung fluid harvests at necropsy reveals no evidence of local immune activation/toxicity.
More detailed preclinical data will be presented at a future scientific conference. In addition, the Company has submitted a pre-IND (Investigational New Drug) briefing package and is scheduled to meet with the
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Source: Krystal Biotech, Inc.